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Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians has 51 ratings and 0 reviews. Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers of. Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians by Ibn Taymiyyah, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Ibn Taymiyya, Against the Greek Logicians Introduction and translation by Wael B . Hallaq Oxford: Clarendon Press, Iviii + p. Show all authors.

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But even if we grant that he was familiar with it, there is very little in common between his massive work which was written in a critical and scrutinizing vein and the brief and narrowly legal contents of the responsum. Lists with This Book. This [position] is one of the worst sophistries.

Yaymiyya could never resist the urge to move into another, albeit related, issue That he thought so, we deduce from, among other things, his letter to his mother. Be that as it may, Ibn Taymiyya acknowledged having read the latter work, 1 4 6 a fact that finds corroboration in the multiple quotations made by his student Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya.

Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers in medieval Islam, held Gree Besides, such a distinction presumably allows one to conceive an essence abstracted from its necessary attributes, or more concretely, it makes it possible to conceive a crow without including in our apprehension that it is black. Logicianw if we assume the unlikely, namely, that there might have been other editions, it would have been considered quite injudicious on the part of the editors to resort to poorly received or lesser-known editions.

Ibn Taymiyya answers that it does not.

His argument that in such syllogisms there is nothing in the conclusion that is not already found in the premisses cannot, strictly speaking, be interpreted as meaning that a petitio principii is involved in these syllogisms, although, admittedly, a case for circularity can be made.

Consider the following comment of E. But if the induction is complete, then the particular in the lohicians premiss must have been examined in order to establish the major. He therefore set out to refute philosophical logic, a task which geek in one of the most devastating attacks ever levelled against the logical system upheld by the early Greeks, the later commentators, and their Muslim followers.


This sect was seen by mainstream Sunnism as being literalist and anthropomorphist. Un- questionably, the name alone does not lead to forming a concept of the nominatum in the minds of those who could not form th concept of it without such a name; the same applies to definition.

For they mixed what the logicians maintained about definitions with the prophetic sciences which the messengers of the Muslims, Jews, and Christians had introduced. Since the impossibility of seeking individual concepts has been proven, these concepts may either be known to people without being obtained by means of definition—in which case the definition does not lead to the concept—or they may be unknown.

Ibn Taymiyya’s Refutation xxiii it necessarily follows, and Ibn Taymiyya states it explicitly, that the universality of the genus, species, and difference cannot be the essence, and that individual members classed under one of these universals are not identical in essence.

The Arabic Texts liii V. For this God, on this creed, is not the transcendent God of the monotheistic religions, but rather an Absolute Being who manifests Himself in all forms of existence in the universe.

Therefore, the distinction between existence and quiddity, together with the claim that both are extramental, is a grave error.

Wael B. Hallaq (ed.), Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians – PhilPapers

Fourth, the logicians define the definiendum by means of attributes they call essential and accidental. Eighth, if the definition is the statement of the definer, then it is known that in order to form concepts of meanings words are atainst needed, because the jbn who forms a concept txymiyya so without words.

Mohammad Saeedimehr – vreek Topoi 26 2: See Brockelmann, Geschichte, i. What is essential in Arabic is not necessarily so in English. Things in the world are concomitant, and there can be no external particular that is not concomitant or conjoined in one form or another with other particulars.

History of Western Philosophy. An incomplete definition falls short of encompassing the entirety of essential attributes, and is limited to the immediate difference alone or to this difference coupled with the mediate genus al-jins al-ba’id ‘, for example, ‘man is that which is rational’, or ‘man is a rational body’.


Ibn Taymiyya’s critique may then be characterized as a set of arguments whose ultimate goal is to undermine the validity of the philosophical, and consequently mystical, postulates making up, and deriving from, logic. Table of contents Part 1 Introduction: Thus it is argued that, although the rays of the sun are not the sun itself, they are not other than the sun.

Tard represents the exact equivalence between the definition and the definiendum; whenever the logcians exists the definiendum should likewise exist. The written word corresponds to, and expresses, the verbal utterance, just as the verbal utterance represents and corresponds to the mental concept which applies to any one of the externally existing individuals.

Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians

Cotnoir and Donald L. This is precisely what Ibn Taymiyya set out to do. The essence, for him, is no more than a generalization or abstraction by the mind of externally existing individuals; 59 thus, an essence has no existence other than in the mind.

Includes bibliographical references and indexes. It is perhaps more convincing to argue in favour of the rise of a native Muslim criticism of what was chiefly considered to be Aristotelian logic.

Sources of the Logicans xli different from that conceived by Ibn Taymiyya and the Stoicsbut was also largely irrelevant to Ibn Taymiyya’s critique. On his admission that primary concepts cannot be defined at all, see Davidson, Proofs, Goldziher also announced the existence of this manuscript in his article ‘Stellung der alten islamischen Orthodoxie’, published as early as English trans.

This taymiyyya is best exemplified in the transformation from the empirical theology and metaphysic of Occam, F. The Logical Must Penelope Maddy. Classical, Early, and Medieval World History: