Abstract. We report the first record of the greater mastiff bat Eumops perotis from Oklahoma. This specimen represents a 1, km range extension from the. Geographic distribution of the greater mastiff bat. Eumops perotis is unusual in that there are two widely disjunct regions of occurrence. The northern portion. Information about the Western Mastiff Bat (Eumops perotis), a species found in the State of Texas.
|Published (Last):||16 November 2014|
|PDF File Size:||3.24 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.23 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
It will often drop down and forage on the ground with its tail sticking up. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. In dunes near seas and oceans this is compounded by the influence of salt in the air and soil. Western mastiff bat Conservation status. Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates eumopd fluctuate. Their colonies are small, usually eumols fewer than members, and adult males can be found in maternity colonies Cockrum, ; Texas Tech, ; Ahlborn, Eumops perotis Schinz Description.
Negative This species sometimes roosts in high buildings or tunnels where it can be an unsightly nuisance. Prey includes relatively small, low-flying, and weak-flying insects.
Western mastiff bats are capable of fast and prolonged flight but can not get airborne from the ground.
Unlike most North American bats, they do not undergo either migration or prolonged hibernationbut are periodically active all winter. Roosts are generally high above the ground, usually allowing a clear vertical drop of at least 9.
Vegetation is typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain. During the next 15 minutes 19 more emerged; 12 more took off during the next 10 perotsi four more in the next 15 minutes, and two more in the last 10 minutes.
Both sexes of the western mastiff bat possess a peculiar dermal gland on the throat which looks like a pouch and produces an odoriferous secretion, athough this gland is much more developed in the males Ahlborn, ; Texas Tech, ; Allen, The species perofis also been detected acoustically in southern Utah. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts.
Vegetation is dominated by stands of dense, spiny shrubs with tough hard or waxy evergreen leaves.
Males remain with females during the period when young are produced but it is uncertain what degree of assistance in care they actually provide. Fish and Wildlife Service. The offspring are dull black in color at birth and are naked, except for tactile hairs on the feet and face. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities.
It has chocolate brown fur and thirty teeth. During the day they form colonies of less than Some insect prey include: Recent surveys have extended the previously known range to the north in both Arizona several localities near the Utah border and California to within a few miles of the Oregon border. Other Physical Features endothermic bilateral symmetry Average mass 57 g 2. Eumops perotis is easily identified by large ears united across the top of its skull and projecting about 10 mm beyond its snout.
Western mastiff bats feed primarily on insects which they catch in flight. Generally, this bat is found in a variety of habitats, from dry desert washes, flood plains, chaparral, oak woodland, open ponderosa pine forest, grassland, montane meadows, and agricultural areas.
Western mastiff bat
A field guide to the mammals. The fungus grows on, and in some cases invades, the bodies of hibernating bats and seems to result in disturbance from hibernation, causing a debilitating loss of important metabolic resources and mass deaths. Other More surveys are needed, using eumopss techniques, to delineate the range of this species. Tadarida brasiliensis which undergo long distance seasonal migrations, E.
Available data suggest that, although most E. This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants.
Western mastiff bat – Wikipedia
The roost entrances typically are horizontally oriented, have moderately large openings, and face downward so they can be entered from below. Even where land has been set aside for national parks, open ponds are often lost, especially since when cattle are removed, wells are not maintained, and vegetation is allowed to overgrow the ponds.
These bats rarely utilize night roosts and feed at night, with foraging ranges exceeding 24 km from roost sites, and a long foraging period of 6 to 7 hours. The Western Mastiff Bat normally prefers a colonial roosting site with fewer than members, but there are some instances when it will roost individually Burt and Grossenheider, This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
The stomachs of 18 bats collected in Big Bend National Park contained moths Coloration is dark to greyish brown dorsally and more pale ventrally. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: While there are currently no reports of Eumops perotis mortalities as a result of white-nose syndrome, the disease continues to expand its range in North America.
Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. The period of parturition probably extends from June to early July and a nursery colony may contain young ranging from newborn individuals to ones that are several weeks old.
Normally only one young is produced per pregnancy, with twins being very rare.