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Fossatum Africae: recherches aériennes sur l’organisation des confins sahariens à l’époque romaine. Front Cover. Jean Lucien Baradez. Arts et métiers. Fossatum Africae (“African ditch”) is a linear defensive structure (limes) claimed to Ideas on the purpose of the Fossatum have evolved since Baradez’ time. This feature was rediscovered in by Jean Baradez, a retired French Air Force pilot and described in great detail in his book, Fossatum Africae.

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Moro indigenous to all of North Africa west of Egypt; in the 9th century BC, Phoenicians built settlements along the Mediterranean Sea to facilitate shipping, of which Carthage rose to dominance in the 8th century until its conquest by the Roman Republic.

The senate then appointed the first of the Five Good Emperors, the empire reached its greatest extent under Trajan, the second in this line. The emir was head of the state, and governed with his divan or council of ministers. Louis the Pious giving penance at Attigny in Africaf the Great Latin: As of Maythe mayor of the city was Dr.

Fossatum Africae – Wikipedia

The A69 and B roads follow the course of the wall from Newcastle upon Tyne to Carlisle, although the curtain wall ends near Bowness-on-Solway, this does not mark the end of the line of defensive structures. Member feedback about Kingdom of Ait Abbas: While the depth and width of the fossatum varies considerably, they are approximately fosaatum x 10ft, which would give an average cross section of just sq ft.

Of course, a structure of this size would be the work of centuries, and the archaeological excavation of the many forts and towns along its route has yielded many dates from the reign of Hadrian in the 2nd century to Constantine in the 4th century. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat During the Middle Ages, Arab nomads of the Banu Hilal occupied much of the area and noticed southwest of Biskra a ditch which they called a saqiya irrigation canal and attributed it to a legendary Arab queen Bint al-Khass or al-Krasswho was supposed to have built it to supply pilgrims to Mecca with water.

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Originally the word fossatum simply meant ditch, but over time it came to also mean a fort protected by a ditch, or basically any fortified place. Typical Mediterranean crops, such as olives, figs, dates and citrus fruits, the Nile Valley is particularly fertile, and most of the population in Egypt and Sudan live close to the river.

The installation of a permanent camp undoubtedly dates to that time. Ancient Roman ruins of Volubilis. The last significant events in the country’s recent history have been the Algerian War and Algerian Civil War.

Castellum Dimmidi topic Map showing Castellum Dimmidi, south of Icosium Algier and bordering the Sahara desert Castellum Dimmidi was a Roman castrum located in the south of the Mauretania Caesariensis[1] History As the Castellum castle implies, the settlement was a fortress near the Fossatum Africae, the southern border of the province of Numidia. Timeline of Algiers topic The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Algiers, Algeria.

Member feedback about Masinissa: Constantine was a ruler of major importance, and he has always been a controversial figure, the fluctuations in Constantines reputation reflect the nature of the ancient sources for his reign.

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Fossatum Africae

Articles arranged alphabetically related to Algeria include: The width of the Fossatum is generally 3—6 m but in exceptional cases may be as much as 20 m. Member feedback about Timeline of Algiers: Member feedback about Battle of Cirta: The Eastern Roman Empire endured for another millennium, eventually falling to the Ottoman Turks inthe Roman Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time.

The Aures Mountains Berber: Prior to 16th century 3rd century BC — Yksm settled by Punics. After a long reign he was succeeded in BC by his son Micipsa. Micipsa became the King of Numidia.

The Roman Empire Latin: The Limes Mauretaniae was a Roman fossaatum territory in Africa and a defense line approximately kilometers south of the modern day Algiers.

Black lines indicate approximate path of the 4 sections of the Fossatum Africae according to Baradez It was both preceded and followed by much drier periods. It marks the end of the irrigable area with the Wad Jadi as source and beginning of the Sahara desert.

Roman fort and town at Corstopitum viewed along the Stanegate. His predecessor, Trajan, was a cousin of Hadrians father. But Adherbal was again stripped of his dominions by Jugurtha and besieged in Cirta, where he was killed by Jugurtha inalthough he had placed himself under the protection of the Romans.